Icon for Tax Expenditure Limits

Tax Expenditure Limits

Description

This variable reflects the number of state tax or expenditure limits in place. We measure this by i) a state expenditure limit, ii) mandatory voter approval of tax increases and iii) a super majority requirement for tax increases. One point is awarded for each type of tax or expenditure limitation a state has. All tax or expenditure limitations measured apply directly to state government. This information comes from the Cato Institute and other sources.

Historical Ranks

Historical state ranks for Tax Expenditure Limits across editions of the Rich States, Poor States.
State 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
4th 4th 1st 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
13th 13th 13th 13th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
13th 13th 13th 13th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 3rd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 14th 14th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th

Historical Values

Historical values for Tax Expenditure Limits. The years listed correspond to the actual data years, not necessarily the publication of Rich States, Poor States.
State 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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