Icon for Right-to-Work State?

Right-to-Work State?

Description

This variable assesses whether or not a state requires union membership for its employees. We have chosen to score states based on either a “yes” for the presence of a right-to-work law or a “no” for the lack thereof. This information comes from the National Right to Work Legal Defense and Education Foundation, Inc.

Historical Ranks

Historical state ranks for Right-to-Work State? across editions of the Rich States, Poor States.
State 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 1st
23rd 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 50th 1st 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st

Historical Values

Historical values for Right-to-Work State?. The years listed correspond to the actual data years, not necessarily the publication of Rich States, Poor States.
State 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
No No No No No No No No No No
No No No No No No No No No Yes
No No No No No No No No Yes Yes
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

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