Tax Expenditure Limits
Description
This variable measures the influence of tax and expenditure limits on state tax revenue and spending. States were ranked by the effectiveness of state tax or expenditure limits in place according to the ALEC Fiscal Rules Project. Information was sourced from state constitutions and statutes.
Current (2023)
Current values and ranks for the 2023 edition of Rich States, Poor States.
State | Value | Rank |
---|---|---|
0 | 32^{nd} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
3 | 1^{st} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
3 | 1^{st} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
2 | 3^{rd} | |
0 | 32^{nd} | |
1 | 15^{th} | |
0 | 32^{nd} |
U.S. Trends
Overview of states' Tax Expenditure Limits over time.
Historical Ranks
Historical state ranks for Tax Expenditure Limits across editions of the Rich States, Poor States.
State | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021 | 2022 | 2023 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 1^{st} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 14^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 1^{st} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 14^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 14^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 13^{th} | 13^{th} | 14^{th} | 4^{th} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 3^{rd} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | 15^{th} | |
29^{th} | 29^{th} | 35^{th} | 35^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 34^{th} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} | 32^{nd} |
Historical Values
Historical values for Tax Expenditure Limits. The years listed correspond to the actual data years, not necessarily the publication of Rich States, Poor States.
State | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021 | 2022 | 2023 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | |
0 | 0 | 1 | 1 | 1 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 2 | 1 | 1 | 1 | |
0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 |