Icon for Tax Expenditure Limits

Tax Expenditure Limits

Description

This variable measures the influence of tax and expenditure limits on state tax revenue and spending. States were ranked by the stringency of state tax or expenditure limits in place according to the methodology in the ALEC “Tax and Expenditure Limitations: A Check on Growing Government” publication. Information was sourced from state constitutions and statutes.

Historical Ranks

Historical state ranks for Tax Expenditure Limits across editions of the Rich States, Poor States.
State 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 3rd
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
4th 4th 1st 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 32nd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 32nd
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
13th 13th 13th 13th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 15th
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
13th 13th 13th 13th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 15th
4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 3rd 3rd 3rd 14th 3rd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 3rd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 3rd
13th 13th 13th 13th 14th 15th 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 14th 14th 14th 15th 15th 15th 14th 3rd
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd
29th 29th 13th 13th 14th 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd 15th
29th 29th 35th 35th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 34th 32nd

Historical Values

Historical values for Tax Expenditure Limits. The years listed correspond to the actual data years, not necessarily the publication of Rich States, Poor States.
State 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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